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HST_111_Notes_2[1] - Constitution of the U.S.A-7 Articles o...

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HST 111 Notes 2/2 Problems with the Articles of Confederation cont’d. - Shay’s Rebellion: Massechusettes farmers stormed a prison in Sprindale and released prisoners and destroyed evidence - Maryland vs. Virginia (commercial rights) - Anapolis Convention - Constitutional Convention: convention in Philadelphia, PA to deal with the problems and revise the Articles of Confederation o Articles beyond repair, needed to write a whole new constitution (Constitution of the U.S.A) (1787) o 55 delegates from 13 states - Northwest Ordinance: contributed certain pieces of land to the federal government in order to establish new states, such as Ohio. (The Northwest Territory) o 5 states entered the union through this policy o A state needed to have a population of 40,000+ and then can apply for statehood; that state would then be equal to the original 13 states o Slavery was prohibited in the Northwest Territory *Articles of Confederation was responsible for U.S. Constitution
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Unformatted text preview: Constitution of the U.S.A-7 Articles o Article 1: Legislative o Article 2: Executive o Article 3: Judicial o Article 4: States’ powers and limits o Article 5: about Amendments o Article 6: Federal power; “Supremacy Clause” o Article 7: Ratification-Subsequent Amendments o Bill of Rights (1-10) Federalists promised a Bill of Rights for ratification Bill of Rights added 2 yrs. After Const. went into effect (1791) o Other Amendments (11-27) The Early Constitution and Slavery-Jefferson blamed slavery on the King in a compelling draft defending African slaves as people, but this draft did not make it into the Declaration of Independence. (When America became free, they could have gotten rid of slavery, but they chose not to.)-Art. 1 Sec. 9 (20 yr. guarantee of slave trade)-3/5 Provision (For every 5 slaves, 3 whites would be represented)-Art. 4 Sec. 3 (Fugitive Slave Clause)...
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