Louisiana_Purchase_Paper[1][1](1)

Louisiana_Purchase_Paper[1][1](1) - Brandi Evans Ryan Hayes...

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Brandi Evans Ryan Hayes Ryan Hoffman Yun Li Alexis Smith Scholars and the Louisiana Purchase Freedom. Liberty. Red, white, and blue. Stars and stripes. Baseball, hot dogs, and apple pie. There are many images that come to mind in association with America, but none are greater and more apparent in literature and in the cinema than the American cowboy and the “Wild West.” America has been expanding westward since the Pilgrims first set foot on Plymouth Rock. No single action, however, helped to expand the U.S. as greatly as the purchase of the Louisiana Territory. For centuries, scholars and historians have interpreted the Louisiana Purchase in multifarious ways. Some may focus on its social aspects while others concentrate on the political, economic, or legal facets. Some agree while others differ, but to understand the scholars’ different points of view, one must first understand the basic and agreed-upon history of the Louisiana Purchase. The Louisiana Territory was acquired by the United States in 1803 from France. The French were the original owners of the Louisiana Territory up until the end of the Seven Years War. After the Seven Years War, the French King, Louis XV, proposed to give the area of Louisiana to his cousin Charles III, King of Spain. With the signing of the Treaty of Fontainebleau, it became official that Spain was now the owner of the Louisiana Territory. Spain held control of the territory for 37 years, and later, French leader Napoleon Bonaparte secretly reacquired Louisiana from Spain with the Treaty of Ildefonso in 1800. A year later, President Thomas Jefferson sent Robert Livingston (later joined by James Monroe) to Paris to try and buy New Orleans from France, but he was unsuccessful. While this was happening, Napoleon tried to conquer Saint Domingue and failed. Due to this loss, Napoleon decided Louisiana was not worth keeping and that he was going to sell it to the United States. Instead of simply selling New Orleans, as the United States requested, the French proposed to sell all of Louisiana to America.
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Jefferson instructed that no more than ten million dollars be spent on New Orleans, but when France offered all of Louisiana to the United States for fifteen million dollars, Livingston and Monroe accepted (Henretta 239). Jefferson’s attempt to buy Louisiana, however, did not go without opposition. Many of his fellow constitutionalists were not sure if the President should do this. In addition, some Federalists began rumors about secession of some of the northern states because they wanted to keep good relations with Great Britain and not become too close with Napoleon (Henretta 239). In spite of the opposition against Jefferson and the Louisiana Purchase, on October 20 th , 1803, Congress voted 24- 7 on making the transaction official (Henretta 239). The following day they gave permission to President Jefferson to take over Louisiana. William Milligan Sloane (1850-1928) is one scholar who has studied and
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This document was uploaded on 11/01/2011 for the course HST 111 at Miami University.

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Louisiana_Purchase_Paper[1][1](1) - Brandi Evans Ryan Hayes...

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