Comm in Uni Culture-Cpt 4

Comm in Uni Culture-Cpt 4 - 4 Reporting Research Findings...

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27 Reporting Research Findings 4 Reporting Research Findings Very often, you will have to write reports, which are documents containing factual and objective information that you have collected through research. Analytical research reports, which are written after having gathered important information from primary research resources such as surveys or experiments, rather than published documents, present original data that you collect and analyse. Learning to write them well, especially the Results and Discussion section, sometimes called Findings or simply Results , is an important skill you will need to learn. This chapter suggests ways to write the Results and Discussion section of analytical reports in effective and convincing ways. To accomplish this, you will need to do the following: Use text and visual aids properly Interpret results Use headings and sub-headings Use language of reporting appropriately Refer to fi gures correctly 4.1 Use Text and Visual Aids Properly In the Results section, you are expected to present the data in words with the help of tables, charts and graphs to make your data clear and easy to understand. However, you should remember that you write a report; you do not draw a report. The text is primary. The graphics support the text. Figure 1 shows, on the left, an inappropriate reporting of results merely with a heading and a chart and, on the right, the appropriate way of reporting fi ndings, that is, using text (a paragraph or more) and drawing the reader’s attention to a fi gure that makes the description clearer. Note that the chart is located after the text which explains it.
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28 Reporting Research Findings Note that simple fi ndings usually do not need a visual aid, nor do you need a visual aid for every fi nding. Visual aids are usually used to make complex fi ndings explained in the text easier to grasp. However, there are simple but crucial fi ndings and visuals are sometimes created to give these facts more impact or emphasis, as above. Remember that in the Results section you need to be objective. That is, you need to report your fi ndings without any biased comment or slant. An example of biased reporting is as follows: The survey shows that an overwhelming percentage of the respondents — 83% — feel that punishing cyberbullies is not necessary, a disappointing nding. You will notice that the words in bold betray the writer’s feelings and attitude towards the subject under discussion. Such comments should be avoided. Figure 1: Inappropriate and appropriate ways of reporting fi ndings Yes No 21% 79% Yes No 21% 79% Figure 2: Percentage of respondents who know how to do CPR Letting a visual do the reporting 2.1. Extent of knowledge of CPR Reporting a survey fi nding using a paragraph (or two) and referring to a visual aid that helps to show the fi nding clearly.
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This note was uploaded on 11/01/2011 for the course EG 1413 taught by Professor Prof during the Spring '11 term at National University of Singapore.

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Comm in Uni Culture-Cpt 4 - 4 Reporting Research Findings...

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