10c-3 Byz Monasticism

10c-3 Byz Monasticism - Christian Monasticism Monasticism...

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Christian Monasticism Monasticism monachos = “solitary one” based on ascetic ideas in the Bible Elijah John the Baptist Jesus Antecedents? Essenes at Qumran and Dead Sea Scrolls Jewish Theraputae in Egypt Philo, On the Contemplative Life Pagan ascetic holy men (Apollonius)? Origins: Late 3rd C Egypt Sources hagiography = biographies of saints sayings literature collections of stories and teachings Desert Fathers Rejection of the decadence of the world Holy Man as charismatic leader of the Coptic Egyptian peasants replaces the temple hierarchy
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Origins 2 miracles Holy man as healer Talking with animals = Edenic state Origins 2 Pagan gods are really demons Monks fight “theomachy” = war of the gods Monks drive out demons superiority of Christian God over pagan gods Origins 3: St. Anthony {251-356} Athanasius, Life of St. Anthony
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This document was uploaded on 11/01/2011 for the course HIST 201 at BYU.

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10c-3 Byz Monasticism - Christian Monasticism Monasticism...

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