11 READ1 Islamic Jerusalem

11 READ1 Islamic Jerusalem - Unit 11 Islam Primary Texts...

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Primary Readings 1 (Unit 11: Islamic Civilization) 11.1. The Qur'an Arabic, 610-632 AD. Revelations of Muhammad. 11.2. Al-Ghazali, The Deliverance from Error Arabic, c. 1100 AD. Ghazali was the greatest Muslim philosopher. This passage describes his early search for knowledge of God and religion. 11.1 Qur’ ā n: Sura 81. The Covering Up In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful. 1. When the sun is covered, 2. And when the stars darken, 3. And when the mountains are made to pass away, 4. And when the camels are left untended, 5. And when the wild animals are made to go forth, 6. And when the seas are set on fire, 7. And when souls are united, 8. And when the female infant buried alive is asked 9. For what sin she was killed, 10. And when the books are spread, 11. And when the heaven has its covering removed, 12. And when the hell is kindled up, 13. And when the garden is brought nigh, 14. Every soul shall (then) know what it has prepared. 15. But nay! I swear by the stars, 16. That run their course (and) hide themselves, 17. And the night when it departs, 18. And the morning when it brightens, 19. Most surely it is the Word of an honored messenger, 20. The processor of strength, having an honorable place with the Lord of the Dominion, 21. One (to be) obeyed, and faithful in trust. 22. And your companion is not gone mad. 23. And of a truth he saw himself on the clear horizon. 24. Nor of the unseen is he a tenacious concealer. 25. Nor is it the word of the cursed Shaitan [Satan], 26. Whither then will you go? 27. It is naught but a reminder for the nations, 28. For him among you who pleases to go straight. 29. And you do not please except that Allah please, the Lord of the worlds. Unit 11: Islam Primary Texts
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Qur’ ā n: Sura 97, The Majesty In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful. 1. Surely We [God] revealed it [the Qur'an] on the grand night. 2. And what will make you comprehend what the grand night 3. The grand night is better than a thousand months. 4. The angels and Jibr ī l [Gabriel] descend in it by the permission of their Lord for every affair, 5. Peace! it is till the break of the morning. Qur’ ā n: Sura 98, The Clear Evidence In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful. 1. Those who disbelieved from among the followers of the Book [Jews and Christians] and the polytheists could not have separated (from the faithful) until there had come to them the clear evidence: 2. An apostle from Allah, reciting pure pages, 3. Wherein are all the right ordinances. 4. And those who were given the Book [the Bible] did not become divided except after clear evidence had come to them. 5. And they were not enjoined anything except that they should serve Allah, being sincere to Him in obedience, upright, and keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate, and that is the right religion. 6. Surely those who disbelieve from among the followers of the Book and the polytheists
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11 READ1 Islamic Jerusalem - Unit 11 Islam Primary Texts...

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