11a Islam History

11a Islam History - Islam and The Holy Land ❖ Muhammad,...

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Unformatted text preview: Islam and The Holy Land ❖ Muhammad, the prophet of Islam (from Mecca in Arabia) ❖ Early life: born 570 at Mecca, orphaned while young, trader ❖ Religious call 610: visions of Gabriel, revelation of Koran Life of Muhammad {570-632} ❖ Early Problems: no believers, persecutions, attempt at murder ❖ Success at Medina: conversion of the town, new government ❖ Wars with Mecca: raids, victory over Meccans ❖ The Unification of Arabs by his death in 632 Life of Muhammad {570-632} ❖ Qur'an (Koran): literal words of God, supersedes Bible ❖ Example and teachings of Muhammad (Sunna), high ethics ❖ Law (Shari'a): religious codes of action for all of life ❖ Analysis and Consensus of the Believers, few creeds Islamic Religion ❖ 1. Belief: God, Muhammad, Revelation, Angels, Day of Judgement ❖ 2. Ritual Prayer: five times daily, facing Mecca ❖ 3. Alms: 2.5%+ of wealth given to the poor ❖ 4. Fasting: from morning to evening for 30 days of Ramadan ❖ 5. Pilgrimage: once a life to Ka’ba at Mecca Five Pillars of Islam ❖...
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This document was uploaded on 11/01/2011 for the course HIST 201 at BYU.

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11a Islam History - Islam and The Holy Land ❖ Muhammad,...

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