{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

11a Islam History

11a Islam History - Islam and The Holy Land Life of...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Islam and The Holy Land Muhammad, the prophet of Islam (from Mecca in Arabia) Early life: born 570 at Mecca, orphaned while young, trader Religious call 610: visions of Gabriel, revelation of Koran Life of Muhammad {570-632}
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Early Problems: no believers, persecutions, attempt at murder Success at Medina: conversion of the town, new government Wars with Mecca: raids, victory over Meccans The Unification of Arabs by his death in 632 Life of Muhammad {570-632} Qur'an (Koran): literal words of God, supersedes Bible Example and teachings of Muhammad (Sunna), high ethics Law (Shari'a): religious codes of action for all of life Analysis and Consensus of the Believers, few creeds Islamic Religion 1. Belief: God, Muhammad, Revelation, Angels, Day of Judgement 2. Ritual Prayer: five times daily, facing Mecca 3. Alms: 2.5%+ of wealth given to the poor 4. Fasting: from morning to evening for 30 days of Ramadan 5. Pilgrimage: once a life to Ka’ba at Mecca Five Pillars of Islam
Background image of page 2
Jihad = struggle
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}