11c-1 Islamic Jerusalem

11c-1 Islamic Jerusalem - ✦ end attempts to rebuild...

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Early Islamic Jerusalem 638-1099 Muslim Dynasties of Jerusalem Rashidun {638-656} (from Mecca) Umayyad {656-750} (from Damascus) Abbasid {750-868} (from Baghdad) Tulunids {868-905} (from Egypt) Fatimid {969-1099} (from Egypt) Arab Jerusalem
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Major Events in Arab Jerusalem Muhammad’s Night Journey ( mi ʿ r ā j ) Conquest {638} Umar and Sophronius Resanctification of the Temple Mount Building of the Dome of the Rock {680 CE} Christians continue as minority; pilgrimage continues Major Monuments of the Umayyad Age {656-750} Dome of the Rock al-Aqsa Mosque Umayyad Palace Golden Gate Umayyad Bridge Umayyad Temple Mount
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Umayyad Golden Gate (Gate of Mercy) Umayyad Temple Mount Umayyad Bridge
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Return of the Jews Jews in Jerusalm, 638-1099 Banned by Romans from 135 CE for rebellion
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Unformatted text preview: ✦ end attempts to rebuild Temple ❖ Christian Byzantines continued banned ✦ Jews were allowed brief pilgrimage visits ❖ Umar allows the return of the Jews {638+} ✦ Jewish Muslims ✦ Jews were “people of the Book”/Bible Jews in Jerusalm, 638-1099 ❖ Allowed to build yeshivas (schools) and synagogues ❖ Initially allowed to pray on Temple Mount ✦ Eventually banned from praying there ❖ Synagogue by the Rock ❖ Mount of Olives (overlooking Temple) ❖ Western Wall Umayyad Temple Mount Jewish Synagogue c. 1000 CE Arch of Herodian gate into the Temple Mount ❖ Blocked gateway into Herodian Temple plaze used as synagogue until about 1000 CE Jewish veneration at Western Wall by 9th century...
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This document was uploaded on 11/01/2011 for the course HIST 201 at BYU.

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11c-1 Islamic Jerusalem - ✦ end attempts to rebuild...

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