12 READ-1 Scholasticism

12 READ-1 Scholasticism - Unit 12 Medieval Primary Texts...

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12a Thomas Aquinas {1225-1274}, Summa Theologica A Scholastic Proof of the Existence of God by Thomas Aquinas P. Kreeft, A Shorter Summa: the most essential philosophical passages of St. Thomas Aquinas' Summa theologica , (San Francisco: Ignatius, 1993), pp. 50-53. Whether It Can Be Demonstrated [by logic] That God Exists? Objection 1 . It seems that the existence of God cannot be demonstrated. For it is an article of faith that God exists. But what is of faith cannot be demonstrated, because a demonstration produces scientific knowledge; whereas faith is of the unseen (Heb 11:1). Therefore it cannot be demonstrated that God exists. Objection 2. Further, the essence is the middle term of demonstration. 1 But we cannot know in what God's essence consists, but solely in what it does not consist; as Damascene says (De Fid. Orth. i. 4 ). Therefore we cannot demonstrate that God exists. Objection 3. Further, if the existence of God were demonstrated, this could only be from His effects. But His effects are not proportionate to Him, since He is infinite and His effects are finite; and between the finite and infinite there is no proportion. Therefore, since a cause cannot be demonstrated by an effect not proportionate to it, it seems that the existence of God cannot be demonstrated. On the contrary,
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This document was uploaded on 11/01/2011 for the course HIST 201 at BYU.

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12 READ-1 Scholasticism - Unit 12 Medieval Primary Texts...

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