12c NOTE Crusader Jerusalem_Part1

12c NOTE Crusader Jerusalem_Part1 - Glacis dry moat Tower...

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The Crusades 1095-1293 Jerualem as Center of the World
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Concept of Holy War Differences between a Just War and a Holy War Just War = legal or for good cause Holy War = based on religious principles; authorized by God Is Holy War legitimate? Islamic Lands and Crusader kingdom
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Causes of the Crusades Pilgrimage, and new forms of Christian piety Muslims encouraged Christian pilgrims for financial reasons Turkish Seljuq dynasty conquers the Middle East Wars disrupt the pilgrimage routes Alexius Comnenus calls for military aide in 1095 Pope Urban II summons Synod of Clermont, Nov. 1095 1st Crusade 1096 1101 Crusaders conquer Jerusalem Great massacre (Reading) Christian pilgrims and emigrants Christianize the city Muslims want to reconquer Jerusalem but are politically divided Impact of Crusader Jerusalem
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Crusader Jerusalem Walls of Jerusalem Crusader Wall
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Unformatted text preview: Glacis dry moat Tower Rebuilt walls Crusader foundations Crusader Jerusalem as great International city Ethnically Arabs, Persians, Turks, Egyptian, Ethiopians, Armenians, Jews, all European countries Financially trade to Europe, Africa, Central Asia, China, India Politically Greatest wars of the era were over Jerusalem Pilgriamage Crusader Market Christian Church Building Restoring and rebuilding old Christian Churches Major Christian sites today are Byzantine Churches, restored by Crusaders, and rebuilt and restored from 19th-20th century Church of St. Anne Dome of St. Annes St. Anne Gothic Arches Upper Room St. Marys Tomb Queen Melisinda Tombs of the crusader queens Tomb of the Virgin Mary Abu Ghosh frescoes Abu Ghosh frescoes Melisende Psalter...
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This document was uploaded on 11/01/2011 for the course HIST 201 at BYU.

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12c NOTE Crusader Jerusalem_Part1 - Glacis dry moat Tower...

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