Greek1001_Part_8 - Accentuation in Greek The long vowels...

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24 Accentuation in Greek The long vowels are h and v ; diphthongs are also long except for ai and oi at the ends of words. The short vowels are e and o . Originally in Greek, accents denoted changes in pitch; in English, accent is shown by an increased stress on the accented syllable. The accent of a Greek work must be learned as a part of its spelling, just as we learn how to stress English (e.g., rel ative, re li gious, recon struct ). In Greek, the accents for nouns and adjectives are persistent, that is they try to stay on the same vowel or diphthong in all forms of the word unless forced by the rules of accentuation to move. But the accents for verbs are recessive , that is they go back from the end of the word as far as possible. No matter how many syllables a word has, the accent can appear only over one of the last three syllables: the ultima (U, the last syllable of the word), the penult (P, the next to last syllable of the word) or the antepenult (A, the third syllable from the end). The ACUTE accent: appears over U, P or A appears over short vowels, long vowels or diphthongs Restrictions: CAN appear over the U ONLY when a pause follows
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