Greek1001_Part_16 - Notes on the Middle Voice From Smyth,...

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48 Notes on the Middle Voice From Smyth, Greek Grammar : Middle usually denotes that subject acts on himself or for himself, as loæomai wash myself , ±mænomai defend myself (lit. ward off for myself ). The passive borrows all its forms, except in the future and aorist tenses, from the middle. Deponent verbs have an active meaning but only middle (or middle and passive) forms. The middle represents the subject as doing something in which he is interested. He may do something to himself, for himself, or he may act with something belonging to himself . The object of the middle (1) may belong in the sphere of the subject, as his property, etc: I wash my hands , or (2) it may be brought into the sphere of the subject: they sent for the hoplites , or (3) it may be removed from the sphere of the subject: I sell my house (lit. give away ). Direct Reflexive Middle: subject acting directly on himself. Self is here the direct object. Verbs expressing external and natural acts: anoint oneself, wash oneself, adorn oneself, crown oneself,
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This document was uploaded on 11/01/2011 for the course GRK 1001 at University of Florida.

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Greek1001_Part_16 - Notes on the Middle Voice From Smyth,...

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