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Greek1001_Part_18 - Third Declension Stems in the 3rd...

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54 Third Declension Stems in the 3 declension end either in consonants (hence the alternate name, "consonant rd declension"), or in the vowels -i and -u . The third declension shows much more variety than the 1 and 2 declensions because some of its nouns have variable stems, with different forms of the st nd stem appearing in different sets of cases, and some feature contraction of vowels in the endings. I. Case Endings: Masc./Fem. Neuter Singular Nom. – or -w Gen. -ow -ow Dat. - - i - - i Acc. -a - or -n Voc. – or -w Plural Nom./Voc. -ew -a - Gen. -vn -vn Dat. -s - i(n ) -s - i(n ) Acc. -a - w -a - II. Accentuation: Stems of one syllable (monosyllabic stems) accent the case ending in genitive and dative of all numbers; -vn takes the circumflex accent. The gen. plu. of paÝw is an exception to this rule. Singular Nom. a ˙ j paÝw Gen. a ˘ gæw paidæw Dat. a ˘ paidÛ Acc. a É ga paÝda Voc. a ˙ j paÝ Plural Nom./Voc. a É gew paÝdew Gen. a ˘ g˙n paÛdvn Dat. a ˘ g-sÛ ( n ) > a ˘ ( n ) paid-sÛ ( n ) > paisÛ ( n ) Acc.
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