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Unformatted text preview: Kim, Eugene Homework 12 Due: Dec 4 2007, midnight Inst: McCord 1 This printout should have 32 questions. Multiplechoice questions may continue on the next column or page find all choices before answering. The due time is Central time. EXAM 4 is Thursday, 12/6 from 79 PM Go to the right room AMa WEL 3.502 McZ WEL 2.246 001 (part 1 of 1) 10 points For a given transfer of energy, a greater change in disorder occurs when the temperature is high. 1. False correct 2. True Explanation: 002 (part 1 of 1) 10 points Entropy is a state function. 1. True correct 2. False Explanation: 003 (part 1 of 1) 10 points Place the following in order of increasing en tropy. 1. solid, gas, and liqiud 2. solid, liquid, and gas correct 3. gas, liqiud, and solid 4. gas, solid, and liqiud 5. liqiud, solid, and gas Explanation: Entropy ( S ) is high for systems with high degrees of freedom, disorder or randomness and low for systems with low degrees of free dom, disorder or randomness. S (g) > S ( ) > S (s) . 004 (part 1 of 1) 10 points Which substance has the higher molar en tropy? 1. O 2 (g) at 273 K and 1.00 atm 2. They are the same 3. O 2 (g) at 450 K and 1.00 atm correct 4. Unable to determine Explanation: O 2 (g) at 450 K has increased molecular randomness (1 mol of O 2 at 1.00 atm pressure will occupy a larger volume at 450 K than at 273 K), hence a higher molar entropy. 005 (part 1 of 1) 10 points Calculate the standard entropy of vaporiza tion of ethanol at its boiling point 352 K. The standard molar enthalpy of vaporization of ethanol at its boiling point is 40.5 kJ mol 1 . 1. +115 J K 1 mol 1 correct 2. 40.5 kJ K 1 mol 1 3. +40.5 kJ K 1 mol 1 4. +513 J K 1 mol 1 5. 115 J K 1 mol 1 Explanation: 006 (part 1 of 1) 10 points Assuming that the heat capacity of an ideal gas is independent of temperature, what is the entropy change associated with lowering the temperature of 4 . 08 mol of ideal gas atoms from 102 . 61 C to 27 . 23 C at constant vol ume? Correct answer: 21 . 5817 J / K. Kim, Eugene Homework 12 Due: Dec 4 2007, midnight Inst: McCord 2 Explanation: T 1 = 102 . 61 C + 273 = 375 . 61 K T 2 = 27 . 23 C + 273 = 245 . 77 K n = 4 . 08 mol R = 8 . 314 J K mol At constant volume, dq = n C V dT , so dS = dq T = n C V dT T Z dS = n C V Z dT T S = n C V ln T 2 T 1 For an ideal monatomic gas C V = 3 2 R , so S = (4 . 08 mol) 3 2 8 . 314 J K mol ln 245 . 77 K 375 . 61 K = 21 . 5817 J / K . 007 (part 1 of 1) 10 points What is the entropy change associated with the isothermal compression of 5 . 73 mol of ideal gas atoms from 9 . 51 atm to 14 . 33 atm?...
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 Fall '07
 Fakhreddine/Lyon
 Chemistry

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