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Shippen+Study+Questions+for+Hobbes+and+Locke - state of...

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Study Questions for Hobbes 1. What is Hobbes’ understanding of “human nature”? a. What is the difference between the state of war (SOW) and state of nature (SON)? 2. According to Hobbes, how and why do we come out of the SON, i.e., what are the primary reasons for leaving the state of nature? What enables people to do so? 3. What is the Leviathan? 4. What is the role of consent in establishing legitimacy of the absolute sovereign? 5. What does Hobbes think of morality as defined by religion? Should governments be based on morality or reason? Why? Study Questions for Locke (after reading Hobbes) 1. What is Locke’s view of “human nature,” i.e., how does he describe people in the
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Unformatted text preview: state of nature? 2. How do people in Locke's state of nature justify forming a civil society. What are their reasons or motives for leaving the state of nature? 3. How does Locke's view of human nature determine the extent or limit of the state's authority in people's lives? 4. According to Locke’s theory of property rights, how does one come to own property? Are there natural limits to acquisition? What are they? 5. How does inequality in property arise in Locke's theory of property and how does he justify it? 6. Under what conditions would revolution be just in Locke's view?...
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