ART 187 Vocab Terms

ART 187 Vocab Terms - Vocabulary for Lecture 1 Introduction...

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Vocabulary for Lecture 1 Introduction and Paleolithic Sculpture Stylization- the combination of form and composition that makes a work distinctive. Representation- describe the appearance of recognizable subject matter in ways that make it seem lifelike. Signifier- Paleolithic- divided into three phases = reflecting the relative position of objects founf in layers of excavation: 1. Lower (the oldest) 2. Middle 3. Upper (the most recent) Portable Art- Spear Thrower (atlatl)- a device that allowed hunters to throw farther and with greater force. Bird-Headed Man With Bison- Lascaux Cave 15,000 BCE, Limestone Animism- Vocabulary for Lecture 2- Dolni Vestonice, Cave Painting and Gobekli Tepe Dolni Vestonice- a site in Moravia, Czech Republic that is important because it marks a very early date (23,000 BCE) for humans to use fire to make durable objects out of mixtures of water and soil. o What makes the figures from this site unusual from other sites in the region is their method of manufacture. o By mixing the soil with water-to a very particular recipe-and then placing the wet figures in a hot kiln to bake, the makers were not intending to create durable, well fired statues. o The recipe used and the firing procedure followed tell us that the intention was to make the figures explode in the kilns before the firing process was complete, and before a “successful” figure could be produced. o These fragments are records of performance and process art in their rawest and earliest forms. Ceramics- Seasonal Camp- Ocher- Used as crayons to draw patterns and images. Highly likely it was used to decorate peoples’ bodies as well as to color objects such as tools or shell ornaments.
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Often used in the Paleolithic Period. Decorated Ocher Blombos Cave South Africa 75,000 BCE Painting Techniques: Blown, painted and rubbed- Engraving- Sympathetic Rituals- Hunting Rituals- Fertility/Fecundity Imagery- Exaggerated female attributes by giving pendulous breasts, a big belly with a deep navel, wide hips, dimpled knees and buttocks, and solid thighs. o A well-nourished body could be expressing health and fertility, which could ensure the ability to produce strong children, thus guaranteeing survival of the clan. Woman from Willendorf, Austria 24,000 BCE, Limestone Season Imagery- Composite Pose- Shaman- periodically conduct rituals that they believe allow them to travel to parallel worlds set out in local belief systems. o In these realms, dead ancestors, deities, and various fearsome creatures await the shaman, who deals with them in ways intended to make rain, heal the sick, and meet other vital community needs. o
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ART 187 Vocab Terms - Vocabulary for Lecture 1 Introduction...

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