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Hist 121 terms exams 1,2

Hist 121 terms exams 1,2 - Linear B(17th century Greek...

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Linear B (17 th century) Greek based language Significance: an early form of the Greek language; tablets reveal the organization of government and kept detailed records (typical of the East) Minoan Crete (fall in 15 th century) Greeks Dominant economic power; Linear A &B; polytheistic Bronze Age Significance: writing style comes from Phoenicians and goes north Thera (13 th century) Volcano eruption recorded during time of Minoans Significance: marks the fall of Minoans; before they can rebuild they are conquered by Greeks Mycenaean’s (fall in 12 th century) Located near Athens; military culture Use of bull tells of Minoan influence Significance: dominated because of their sword (change from thrust sword to slash sword)---didn’t have to be as close and was double edged. Bridge civilization - Civilizations that serve as bridges from Ancient East to Greece Significance: Cultural aspects are transferred to Greece from East Polis (8 th century) The organization of city states around Greece; organization of peoples Legal equality for wealthy males (citizens)---although it changed Significance: served as trading centers, honored certain gods; certain poleis (Athens and Sparta) dominated and spread their particular ideals through society; preserved Greek ideals (culture) which modeled its citizens Homer (8 th century) Author of Iliad and Odyssey Significance: Works describe government (consult nobles), society (classes), values (courage, honor) Tyrants (8 th -6 th century) A monarch who gained power in an unorthodox manner who’s rule would benefit the majority of the polis; often had military power Significance: often took advantage of power; the idea of a monarch went against the Greek ideals (government by the people)
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Phalanx (7 th century invented) Military strategy developed by Athens; a wedged shaped formation used by armed Hoplites (as opposed to “champions” who bore the brunt of the fighting) Significance: Crucial to development of poleis; battles were shorter and therefore reduced the number of causalities and spared more farms; mark the decline of kings Hoplites (7 th century) Heavily armed infantrymen (mostly farmers) who fought with a spear and shield; soldiers of all Greeks; brunt force Significance: Sparta’s military solely relied on Hoplites; lower/middle class people who fought and in turn expected benefits (citizenry, able to participate in government) Helots (7 th -5 th century) Serfs (slaves); often slaves of Sparta Significance: majority of people in Sparta which resulted in military decisions being made with the Helots in mind (fear of revolt) (Persian invasion of Persian Wars) Solon (6 th century) Leader of Athens; economic reforms (tax breaks, no exploitation of debt); redistributed land; rid property qualifications for Assembly membership;
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Hist 121 terms exams 1,2 - Linear B(17th century Greek...

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