hist121section3notes

hist121section3notes - Mike Mesrobian History 121 Section 3...

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Mike Mesrobian History 121 Section 3 Lecture Notes Lecture #19 –Medieval Europe, Early Middle Ages (c.500-c.1000) Terminology of medieval Early M.A. 500-1000 High or Central M.A. 1000-1300 Later M.A. 1300-1500 (Includes Italian Renaissance) How did a king rule? The example of the Franks Merovingian Dynasty (Merovech) - Invaded, take over land, become agricultural in conquered lands - Clovis I (466-511) (Gregory of Tours biographer) (“Consul”) o Elected king by warrior elites because of leadership in war o Tripled size of kingdom through conquest o Leader who converted to Christianity o Many churches were plundered before conversion o Clovis would not convert to Christianity before his people did, his people converted first and allowed him to do so as well o Creates the term “consul” How did a king rule? - Limits of the Germanic traditions o People followed king unconditionally o Just asked kings to be fair, generous, successful warrior, respected/feared o Wanted to “know” king - Limits of the general conditions of Europe o European population very low, everyone needed to be farming o Isolation was the norm o Germanic invasions were sporadic and unpredictable - Role of the Church o Kept records in Latin Germanic Tribes to Feudal Monarchy - people exchanged the use of land for service o agricultural service o military service - status is everything in society o relationship of land to society to power - non urban people o “oral” world
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- vast majority of people are farmers - Farmers called “peasants” o Free peasants, farm land they don’t own, gave some of production to someone else, can be kicked off land or leave o Semi-free peasants (serf), farm land they don’t own, gave some of production to someone else, can’t be kicked off land - Military change o Mounted shock cavalry began to win battle (armored horseman) o Horses expensive o Need them trained to deal with noise and blood o Very expensive for armor, weapons, etc. o
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This document was uploaded on 11/02/2011 for the course HST 121 at Miami University.

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hist121section3notes - Mike Mesrobian History 121 Section 3...

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