HST198 - Final Study Guide

HST198 - Final Study Guide - HST STUDY GUIDE study guide...

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HST STUDY GUIDE study guide for multiple-choice part of final exam there will be 28 questions for 14% of the semester grade this part of the exam is next Thursday ****** Ayatollah Khomeini- an Iranian religious leader and politician, and leader of the 1979 Iranian Revolution which saw the overthrow of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the Shah of Ira - became the country's Supreme Leader—a position created in the constitution as the highest ranking political and religious authority of the nation—until his death - "virtual face of Islam in Western popular culture," known for his support of the hostage takers during the Iranian hostage crisis and his fatwa calling for the death of British citizen Salman Rushdie. TIME magazine described him as "a fanatic whose judgments are harsh, reasoning bizarre and conclusions surreal," globalization - describes a process by which regional economies, societies, and cultures have become integrated through a globe-spanning network of communication and trade -the transnational circulation of ideas, languages, or popular culture through acculturation. -be most productive to think of globalization as the ultimate expression of the human urge to maintain contact with other humans - Marks argues for an earlier less complete globalization and accelerating as we get to today’s time -Time Period: 1900-present The past century has been a period of rapid social, political, and economic change all over the world. In the first half of the twentieth century, European, Japanese, and American empires expanded to their greatest magnitudes; the Qing Empire in China fell (1911); the Russian Revolution (1917) established the first communist nation; the Ottoman Empire was dissolved (1918); and two World Wars devastated populations and environments on a global scale. In the second half of the century, the European empires crumbled as colonized peoples of the world fought for independence, the Cold War connected far distant peoples through ideology as well as conflict, and the Soviet Union collapsed (1989). Through all of these changes, global interconnections have continued to accelerate via travel, war, the media, and market pressures proliferating difference (BWH)- Increase the difference between cultures/countries Individual societies tend to interpret and reformulate introduced popular cultural forms selectively and in culturally appropriate ways. These various interpretations and reformulations reveal social and cultural differences between the world's peoples -Land and labor systems — whether in the form of wage labor, serfdom, corvée labor, or slavery — were usually based on social inequalities; thus, their structures both contributed to and maintained perceptions of difference between peoples -globalization entails increasing integration, some communities, groups, or nations respond to these forces by developing increased awareness of cultural or ethnic difference -Imperialism magnified global inequalities, because imperial states used their power to exploit the resources of
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This document was uploaded on 11/02/2011 for the course HST 198 at Miami University.

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HST198 - Final Study Guide - HST STUDY GUIDE study guide...

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