MIS_235_Final_Review-3

MIS_235_Final_Review-3 - MIS235 Final Exam Review Notes I...

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MIS235 Final Exam Review Notes: I tried to follow the departmental review guide as much as possible, but Chapter 2 is not organized like the departmental study guide handout. The information systems were paired up with their respective organizational level. Chapter 1: Information Systems in Business (4 Questions) IT Careers General Job market outlook for IT careers is very promising. 5 of the 10 ten fastest growing occupations are in the IT field. Chief Information Officer: Responsible for overseeing all uses of information technology and ensuring the strategic alignment of IT with business goals and objectives. Reports Directly to the CEO. Must possess solid understanding of every aspect of an organization coupled with understanding if IT. Main job responsibilities are manager, leader, and communicator. Chief Technology Officer: Responsible for ensuring the throughput, speed, accuracy, availability, and reliability of an organization’s IT. Efficiency of IT systems. Knowledge of hardware, software, and telecommunications. Reports to the CIO. Chief Security Officer: Ensures the security of IT systems and develops strategies and safeguards against hackers and viruses. Detailed knowledge of networks and telecommunications, the main channels for hackers and viruses to enter a company’s IT. Chief Privacy Officer: Ensures the ethical and legal use of information within an organization. Newest senior exec. Position. Many are lawyers by training.
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150 of Fortune 500 companies added the CPO recently. Chief Knowledge Officer: Collects, maintains, and distributes an organization’s knowledge. Designs programs and systems to make it easy to use an organization’s knowledge. Attempts to reduce the learning curve for employees. Example: Children’s Hospital Boston. CKO created systems that allow analysis of hospital’s activities. IT and Business Trends (The World is Flat) Globalization 1.0 (1492-1800) World went from size large to a size medium. Driving force was countries globalizing for resources and imperial conquest. Globalization 2.0 (1800-2000) World went from a size medium to a size small. Driving Force was companies globalizing for markets and labors. Globalization 3.0 (2000- ) World went from size small to a size tiny and flattened the playing field. Completely different driving force, now individuals and small groups globalizing for collaboration, competition, and opportunities. Not just Americans and Western Europeans. India, China, Russia also entering the game. Ten Flatteners Collapse of the Berlin Wall: (11/89) Joining of the economic mainstream and symbol of the end of the cold war. Netscape: Made internet accessible to everyone and started the dotcom craze.
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Workflow software: Ability of machines to talk to other machines without human involvement and breakdown projects.
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