POL 101 Exam 2 Notes

POL 101 Exam 2 Notes - 10/26/06 - - New president is a...

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10/26/06 - New president is a celebrity compared to past presidents. - War Power: (Pres and Courts 141 Class Slides: pg 5) - Congress can raise and equip army, declare war, and determine the amount of money that goes to the army - In the current wars, Congress never declared war, but they said it was ok to fight, use troops and spend money. - “Make War” – start/begin war, states can make war if it is an absolute emergency - Changed from make to declare – more formal, however President plans the war and Congress declares war. - Congress must have approval from states?? It needs to be the will of the community and over something major, nothing minor. - Technically, Declaration of Independence was a declaration of war. - In colonial days, Governors had “presidential powers” - Rights and Liberties of all Americans must be protected buy both the Congress and the Supreme Court during times of war. - Thomas Jefferson – Barbary Pirates (a possible declared war), he says we were fired upon. - Kosovo – ethnic cleansing. Our purpose was for humanitarian reasons. Congress wasn’t happy about sending troops for these reasons. Equal vote on resolution. We eventually had Kosovo War during Clinton Administration. - Are there any limits to what President can do? - What happened in Vietnam? - Gulf of Tonkin – American ship was bombed, Johnson asked for money and troops, Congress funds all the way to very end, draft instituted - At the end of the war, Johnson doesn’t run, Nixon comes in, when war not so popular, Congress passes War Powers Resoultion – The President can only commit troops to a location for 60 days without Congress approval (with possible 30 day extention). It is for a national emergency. - Problem with 60 day clock? Presidents ignore it. Possibly too many civilian casualties. The other side can wait 60 days, just survive until army is gone. - Congress took Clinton to court during the Kosovo War over these War Powers. The court has no war powers. - War Powers Resolution was vetoed by Nixon. Sent it back to Congress. They repassed it with the 2/3 vote. - The Veto Power (Pres and Courts 141 Class Slides: pg 6) - Main reason – save the Presidency, keeps Congress from passing laws to overtake president, and also to prevent bad laws from getting passed. - Federalists No. 3 - We have a qualified veto which means it can still be passed by another vote by Congress after a veto takes place. - An absolute veto if final after the President’s decision. - Founders said absolute veto would cause too much conflict and not be used enough. - Qualified veto is better for debate and just working something out.
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- Vetoes by numbers – FDR most vetoes. - Appointments (pg. 6) - Bernard – head of the NYPD on 9/11, went over to become chief of security in Iraq, had good experience, the problem? He had two mistresses in the NY apartment used by police men and people during 9/11. -
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POL 101 Exam 2 Notes - 10/26/06 - - New president is a...

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