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Unformatted text preview: FOREIGN POLICYMAKING Two Presidencies-in domestic policy, president is more restrained The constitutional framework-article II-president is given a lot of foreign policy powers (appoint ambassadors, recognize nations, commander in chief, makes treaties/executive agreements)-ex. Kyoto protocol was opposed unanimously by the senate What are our vital interests-the media focuses in a lot more detail on domestic policies than foreign affairs-zimbabwe: since govt was elected out but still has negotiations to leave, theyre physically able to stay.. should/can we intervene?-intervene for humanitarian reasons, but claim international security interest How are these best addressed?-diplomacy-CIA info good or bad Three major problems 1) Rebuilding nations: every situation is different, situations can be volatile and change daily What level of commitment does this require? What type of organization is necessary? How should civil-military activities be coordinated? 2) Foreign Policy and Terrorism Political and constitutional frameworks Preemption and legal authority 3) Changing the Military Technology-need for a smaller, faster force not really a need for a 3 front war New and old threats Politics of Foreign and Military Policy Majoritarian Interest Group Client Entrepreneurial Key Players in Foreign Policy Presidents main foreign policy advisers National Security Council State Department Department of Defense U.S. Senate Foreign Service Intelligence/CIA United Nations/Allied Nations Interest Groups Parties Think Tanks Foreign and Defense Policy Options Conventional diplomacy Foreign aid Economic sanctions Political force Covert operations Military intervention International agencies Nation building Foreign policy issues today-war (iraq, Afghanistan, terror, other)-allies (new and old)-enemies (who are they? Are they constant?)-china (need their security, human rights reasons)-weapon security-immigration-unskilled immigrants vs. skilled-foreign aid-peace-democracy-human rights United Nations and Allied Organizations 192 members in UN; created in 1945 US belongs to about 200 other international organizations What is its mission? Is it effective? Why/why not? Visible activities DOMESTIC POLICY Stages of the Domestic Policymaking Process (Fiorina ) 1) Agenda setting-wait for opening on public agenda = opportunity-bill Clinton & healthcare-war on 2 fronts-the draft! 2) Policy deliberation-not much deliberation on the draft currently bc no one is affected right now 3) Policy enactment-maybe everyone has to go, women not excluded 4) Policy implementation-bureaucracy that enforces everyone getting registered for the draft 5) Policy outputs-actual people going to war 6) Policy outcomes-look @ goal of policy & assess what has happened...
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- Fall '10