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Unformatted text preview: FOREIGN POLICYMAKING • “Two Presidencies”-in domestic policy, president is more restrained • The constitutional framework-article II-president is given a lot of foreign policy powers (appoint ambassadors, recognize nations, commander in chief, makes treaties/executive agreements)-ex. Kyoto protocol was opposed unanimously by the senate • What are our vital interests-the media focuses in a lot more detail on domestic policies than foreign affairs-zimbabwe: since govt was elected out but still has negotiations to leave, they’re physically able to stay.. should/can we intervene?-intervene for humanitarian reasons, but claim international security interest • How are these best addressed?-diplomacy-CIA info good or bad Three major problems 1) Rebuilding nations: every situation is different, situations can be volatile and change daily – What level of commitment does this require? – What type of organization is necessary? – How should civil-military activities be coordinated? 2) Foreign Policy and Terrorism – Political and constitutional frameworks – Preemption and legal authority 3) Changing the Military – Technology-need for a smaller, faster force not really a need for a 3 front war – New and old threats Politics of Foreign and Military Policy • Majoritarian • Interest Group • Client • Entrepreneurial Key Players in Foreign Policy • President’s main foreign policy advisers • National Security Council • State Department • Department of Defense • U.S. Senate • Foreign Service • Intelligence/CIA • United Nations/Allied Nations • Interest Groups • Parties • Think Tanks Foreign and Defense Policy Options • Conventional diplomacy • Foreign aid • Economic sanctions • Political force • Covert operations • Military intervention • International agencies • Nation building Foreign policy issues today-war (iraq, Afghanistan, terror, other)-allies (new and old)-enemies (who are they? Are they constant?)-china (need their security, human rights reasons)-weapon security-immigration-unskilled immigrants vs. skilled-foreign aid-peace-democracy-human rights United Nations and Allied Organizations • 192 members in UN; created in 1945 • US belongs to about 200 other international organizations • What is its mission? • Is it effective? Why/why not? • Visible activities DOMESTIC POLICY Stages of the Domestic Policymaking Process (Fiorina ) 1) Agenda setting-wait for opening on public agenda = opportunity-bill Clinton & healthcare-war on 2 fronts-the draft! 2) Policy deliberation-not much deliberation on the draft currently bc no one is affected right now 3) Policy enactment-maybe everyone has to go, women not excluded 4) Policy implementation-bureaucracy that enforces everyone getting registered for the draft 5) Policy outputs-actual people going to war 6) Policy outcomes-look @ goal of policy & assess what has happened...
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- Fall '10
- Civil Rights, Voting Rights Act, sides issue