phy118section1notes

phy118section1notes - PHY118 Exam 1 Format for articles...

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PHY118 Exam 1 Format for articles (?): Mike Mesrobian PHY Art.-1 or Art.- 2 Date Title of Article No indent Staple article to the back of the paper _____________________________Notes_________________________ 1. The US has the most diverse weather of any country. 2. Meteorology- The study of the atmosphere and weather. 3. Weather – The conditions of the atmosphere at a point in time. 4. Climate- The average weather with extremes included 5. Elements of weather – 1. Temp 2. Humidity 3. Cloudiness 4. Precipitation 5. Pressure 6. Wind direction and velocity 6. Hazards- 1975-2004 1. Tonradoes 65 2. Hurricanes 17 3. Lightning 66 4. Floods 107 7. Galileo – Thermoscope 8. Torricelli – Barometer 9. Boyle- Gas laws 10. Franklin- Weather observation, Lightning 11. 1800 Use of balloons and kites 12. 1920 The use of radiosondes observation balloons and aircraft, radar surface observations 13. 4 Spheres 1. Geosphere- solid earth 2. Atmosphere- gaseous envelope around the earth
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3. Hydrosphere- water H2) 4. Biosphere- all life 14. Systems 1. Open= Mass and energy move to and from 2. Closed= only energy move to and from 15. Feed back 1. Positive= Enhances the system 2. Negative= status quo 16. The earth has many subsystems and the driver are 1. The SUN 2. The Earth’s Interior Weather - What is happening Climate - The sum of statistical weather with highs and lows accounted for Weather elements - Temp. - Humidity - Clouds - Precipitation - Pressure - Wind Dry air gas composition: 78% Nitrogen 21% O2 (oxygen) 1% Argon 1% other 1% Co2 (carbon dioxide) Thermal structure: 50 C, 120 F going to need to know Troposphere, tropopause, stratosphere, startopause, mesosphere, mesopause, thermosphere 2000 lbs per ft squared, half of atmosphere pressure is below 18000 ft, other half above standard atmosphere 1/21/09 1 meter = 39.37 inches 1000 meters = 1 kilometer= 1km 1 Statute Mile =5280
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This document was uploaded on 11/02/2011 for the course PHY 118 at Miami University.

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phy118section1notes - PHY118 Exam 1 Format for articles...

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