Review Exam #2 - Review Exam #2 CHAPTER 6: SOCIETIES TO...

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Review Exam #2 C HAPTER 6: S OCIETIES T O S OCIAL N ETWORKS 1. What is a society? Describe the 6 different societies that have evolved over time. Society —people who share a culture and a territory 6 different societies Hunting and gathering – most egalitarian society “headed” by a shaman Pastoral (herding) and horticultural (cultivating) – division of labor developed from food production and other goods production, resulting in social inequality, develop of trades Ex : if someone who can make jewelry, he / she will have higher social class. Agricultural – invention of the plow resulted in the Agricultural Revolution, and more social inequality developed (through taxes, control of food production) This was also when women became subject to males! Industrial – fuel machine technology resulted in the Industrial Revolution, and social inequality grew across gender, race/ethnicity, and social class Postindustrial/information – knowledge-based information have increased in importance, making higher education ever more critical in sustaining a good standard of living Biotech – altering of genetic structures of plants and animals to produce food, medicine, and materials (e.g., cloning, organic food, other innovative ideas), which also make higher education VERY critical 2. What is a group? Describe the 7 types of groups developed in human societies. Group —people who have something in common and who believe that what they have in common is significant; also called a social group 7 types of groups Aggregate – share same space but do not belong to one another (e.g., shoppers in a store) Ex: drivers/ motorists-355, public transportation, visitors, movie theater patrons, customers In any venue Category – similar characteristics but may not know each other (e.g., college students, professionals) Ex: religious group, hospital patients→ aggregate, stadium patrons: Redskins vs. cowboys Primary group – intimate, long-term relationships (e.g., family, friends, hate enemies) Secondary group – larger, less intimate relationships (e.g., classmates, co- workers) Ex: ex: discrimination, tolerance to religionist groups In-group – loyalty (e.g., family, friends, co-workers) Out-group – antagonism (e.g., terrorists, scam artists) Reference group / role modeling – people we use as standards to evaluate ourselves (e.g., college graduates, professionals) Social network – people who are linked to one another like a “spider web” (e.g., clique, family, friends, friends of friends)
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Electronic community – online interactions (e.g., Facebook, Twitter) Negative impact: reduce physical interaction with each other, bully 3. Discuss group dynamics by examining the impact of group size on stability, intimacy, attitudes, and behavior. The term group dynamics refers to how individuals affect groups and how groups influence
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This document was uploaded on 11/02/2011 for the course SOCIOLOGY SO 101 at Montgomery.

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Review Exam #2 - Review Exam #2 CHAPTER 6: SOCIETIES TO...

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