Review Exam#3 - Review Exam#3 CHAPTER 11 SEX AND GENDER 1...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Review Exam#3 C HAPTER 11: S EX A ND G ENDER 1. What is gender stratification? Gender stratification – males’ and females’ unequal access to property, power, and prestige 2. Compare and contrast the following concepts by knowing the definitions and examples: a. Sex vs. gender Sex – biological distinctions between males and females (e.g., organs, hormones) Gender – culturally appropriate behaviors/attitudes for males and females (i.e., masculinity vs. femininity) b. Patriarchy vs. matriarchy Patriarchy – a social system in which men dominate over women in social institutions such as gov’t, education, business, etc. (e.g., China, India, England) Matriarchy – a social system in which women dominate over men in social institutions (e.g., small human communities, honeybees) c. Glass ceiling vs. glass escalator/elevator Glass ceiling – invisible barrier for women in getting promoted c.i. Refer to article on Hillary Rodham Clinton Glass escalator – invisible accelerator for men in traditionally female jobs (e.g., nursing, teaching) d. Mommy track vs. fast track Mommy track – women who take time off to care for children and lose opportunity for advancement in the workplace è opposite of fast track ! Daddy penalty – men who get penalized for having a working wife (instead of a stay-at-home wife) 3. How did females become a minority group? Discuss the origins of patriarchy. The origin of discrimination against females is lost in history, but the primary theory of how females became a minority group in their own societies focuses on the physical limitations imposed by childbirth. The major theory of the origin of patriarchy—men dominating society—points to social consequences of human reproduction. Women—produce many children because of the short life—take care of the children (carry, feed)—physically encumbered. Men—dominant— hunt, deal with relationship with others, control the weapons and the resources. 4. What is feminism? What are the 3 waves of the U.S. feminist movement? Feminism —the philosophy that men and women should be politically, economically, and socially equal; organized activities on behalf of this principle 20 th century 1 st wave – early 1900s – demand for political change Outcomes : violence, hostility, arrests è 19 th Amendment to U.S. Constitution (1920) granted women right to vote 2 nd wave – 1960s to 1980s – demand for equal education and job opportunities Outcomes : Equal Pay Act of 1963 and Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 3 rd wave – 1990s to present – search for inequalities across women in the:
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
U.S. (White, African American, Hispanic, Asian American, Native American, Middle Eastern, etc.) World (Least Industrialized vs. More Industrialized Nations) 5. What is the significance of sex typing of work (i.e., occupational sex segregation)? Occupational sex segregation (or sex typing)
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This document was uploaded on 11/02/2011 for the course SOCIOLOGY SO 101 at Montgomery.

Page1 / 7

Review Exam#3 - Review Exam#3 CHAPTER 11 SEX AND GENDER 1...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online