Traditional Chinese music can be traced back 7,000 - 8,000 years based on the discovery of a bone
flute made in the Neolithic Age. In the Xia, Shang and Zhou Dynasties, only royal families and
dignitary officials enjoyed music, which was made on chimes and bells. During the Tang Dynasty,
dancing and singing entered the mainstream, spreading from the royal court to the common people.
With the introduction of foreign religions such as Buddhism and Islam, exotic and religious melodies
were absorbed into Chinese music and were enjoyed by the Chinese people at fairs organized by
In the Song Dynasty, original opera such as Zaju and Nanxi was performed in tearooms, theatres,
and showplaces. Writers and artists liked it so much that Ci, a new type of literature resembling
lyrics, thrived. During the Yuan Dynasty, qu, another type of literature based on music became
popular. This was also a period when many traditional musical instruments were developed such as
the pipa, the flute, and the zither.
During the Ming (1368 - 1644) and Qing Dynasties (1644 - 1911), the art of traditional opera
developed rapidly and diversely in different regions. When these distinctive opera styles were
performed at the capital (now called Beijing), artists combined the essence of the different styles and
, one of three cornerstones of Chinese culture (the other two being Chinese
medicine and traditional Chinese painting) which continue to be appreciated even in modern times.
Besides these types of music, Chinese peasants were clever enough to compose folk songs, which
also developed independently with local flavor. Folk songs described working and daily life such as
fishing, farming, and herding and were very popular among the common people.
Why Mo Tzu had something like Against Music? Nowadays, everyone loves listening to
the music. But in ancient China, a lot of people dead because the music. Emperor is the
most powerful person in the country, everyone has to do what he wants they do without
double. There has an emperor, everyday just playing around, listening to the music
without doing anything for this country. And everyday spends a lot of money because of