Chapter 2 - Hanifa Ayunisa MU -111- 34428 Chapter 2 1....

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Hanifa Ayunisa MU -111- 34428 Chapter 2 1. Which of the four basic components of music is most helpful in identifying a world music tradition? Why? A musical sound has four basic components: timbre, pitch, duration, and dynamics. Timbre, or the quality of a musical sound, is inherently linked to a medium, to the object or person producing the sound. Pitch is most often expressed as a frequency. Rhythm depends on durations of sounds, which are often organized into regular patterns. And dynamics denotes the volume, or relative loudness or softness, of a sound, and can be measured in decibels. 2. How does pitch differ from tuning system? How does tuning system differ from scale? How does scale differ from range? Every sound can also be described as having either a definite or indefinite pitch. A definite pitch is determined by the dominance of a specific frequency level and to produce melody and harmony. However, some indefinite pitches are continuously variable, such as that of a siren. Tuning system denotes the entire collection of pitch frequencies commonly used in a
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Chapter 2 - Hanifa Ayunisa MU -111- 34428 Chapter 2 1....

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