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chapter 4 - Hanifa Ayunisa Chapter 4 MU 111 February 6 2011...

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Hanifa Ayunisa Chapter 4 MU 111 February 6, 2011 1. Why would vocal traditions predominate in Australia and Oceania? The music of Oceania is primarily vocal, and vocal traditions predominate in Oceania and Australia because natural and resources are scare; thus, effective research on music tradition often requires specialized linguistic study. With few exceptions, instruments tend to be small and portable. Music is often considered a link to the spiritual plane, and specialists in ritual-associated music traditions are common. Subtle distinctions in vocal performance are considered vital to the identity of individual social groups; thus, music is regarded as highly valued cultural property. 2. Why is music important to the Australian Aborigine’s cosmology, The Dreaming? Music has formed an integral part of the social, cultural and ceremonial observances of Australian Aboriginal people, down through the millennia of their individual and collective histories to the present day. Aboriginal people throughout most of Australia believe that in the beginning of time, in the Dreaming, there were no visible landmarks; the world was flat. As time progressed, creatures emerged from the ground
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