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gamelan - Hanifa Ayunisa MU 111 Gamelan History Indonesia...

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Hanifa Ayunisa MU 111 Gamelan History Indonesia is locating in between the continents of Asia and Australia and stretching from northern Sumatra to western New Guinea, spreads across almost 3,400 miles of ocean. This geographical setting brought Indonesia's diversity of its people and cultures. Each of hundreds of ethnic groups and subgroups has its own local characteristic, in language, customs, forms of organization, ritual, dances, music and other cultural expressions. Java is one of the Indonesian islands located in the south-western part of the archipelago, between the islands of Sumatra and Bali. It is the most populated island in Indonesia. Almost one-half of one hundred seventy million Indonesian live in the island about the size of New York. Java also has rich musical traditions, traditional as well as westernized genres. One of the forms of well-known traditional music of Java is gamelan. Introduction Gamelan derives from the word “gamel”, to strike or to handle, is a generic term referring to an ensemble which comprises predominantly of percussive instrument. Gamelan is a term for various types of orchestra played in Indonesia. It is the main element of the Indonesian traditional music. Each gamelan is slightly different from the other; however, they all have the same organization, which based on different instrumental groups with specific orchestral functions. The gamelan has an old and mysterious origin. Apparently it predates the Hindu-
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Buddhist culture that dominated Indonesia in its earliest records, and instead represents a native art form. The instruments developed into their current form during the Majapahit Empire. Gamelan is Javanese traditional musical instruments. Gamelan is a blend of several kinds of traditional musical instruments, and gamelan musical Instrument is very soft and comfortable to be heard. Gamelan is also equipped with a unique singer, and the singer is called Sinden.
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