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Japan - to detail Gagaku(elegant music embodies the idea of...

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Hanifa Ayunisa (MU 111) Japan Japan has tended to preserve its traditional music, theater, and dance separately from new developments, offering visitors the opportunity to experience archaic forms much as they were hundreds of years ago. Japan’s court music and court dance, called gagaku and bugaku are among the oldest genres on the earth Three forms of traditional theater are particularly striking: the ancient noh, the more recent kabuki, and the incredible puppet theater known as bunraku. Koto zither, shakuhachi flute, and shamisen lute – are essential in Japanese music. When they play together with a vocalist, they comprise Japan’s chamber music, called sankyoku, meaning “three instruments”. Other essential types of traditional music include folksong, festival, and dance music. Most kinds of Japanese performances are quite, formal, even ritualized. Japanese music tends to be played with greater consistency, and it is characterized more by fixedness and close attention
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Unformatted text preview: to detail. Gagaku (elegant music) embodies the idea of timelessness time. The piece seems to be constructed of clearly differentiated elements, with each instrumental timbre having a separate function. It plays at temple or palace Kabuki Popular music theater form developed for Japan’s middle class in the eighteenth century. Analysis: is is about a Buddhist monk who refuses the advances of a beautiful woman who later turns herself into a monster. It has more action and visual interest than Japan’s earlier and more classical theater, noh. Both noh and kabuki include one kind of sound not heard elsewhere: the “yo” and “ho” calls of the drummers. Japanese music tonal subtleties abound, especially because of the frequent tone-bending. All part work together to achieve a constantly changing flow of tension, relaxation, movement, and meaning....
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