studying exam 1 - Chapter 1 What is communication It is a...

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Chapter 1 What is communication? - It is a process that allows us to share and create meaning through human symbolic interaction. - It is used to denote the delivery systems for mediated and mass communication. - Communication plays an important role in career success The role of culture - A great deal of knowledge, flexibility, and sensitivity are necessary if people of diverse cultural backgrounds are to communicate successfully and live well together. - It is a necessity to interact successfully with people of all racial, ethnic, cultural, and religious heritages. - Language structure itself influences and is influenced by culture. - Nonverbal communication behaviors, such as physical stance, eye contact, and style of speaking are also largely determined by cultural background. - It is important to learn about the backgrounds of the people to consider how our own customs might seem unusual to a person of a different heritage. These attitudes will facilitate communication and will also enrich our lives. Principles of communication - 4 fundamental principles: 1. Communication is a process - It is considered a process because it involves a series of action that has no beginning or end and is constantly changing. - Communication involves variables that can never exactly be duplicated no 2 relationships are developed in the same way; some are war while others are cool. - Communication is both ever changing and capable of effecting change. Ex: no matter how hard you try to take back your comment, you cannot. It made its impact and has affected your relationship. 2. Communication is a system - A system is a combination of parts interdependently acting to form a whole. The human body is an excellent example of a system. System also exists in the workplace, family, and classroom. - Communication process is a system and occurs only when the necessary components interact. - When a person has a problem, he is going to be so annoying to others (affect others). 3. Communication is both interactional and transactional - The interactional and transactional aspects of communication are closely related and should be considered together. Interaction exchange of communication by phone or text message. Transaction is used to extend the concept of interaction to include simultaneous action. Ex: teacher communicates to his students, supervisor talks to his employees. Face to face. 4. Communication can be intentional or unintentional - Intentional communication is a message that is purposely sent to a specific receiver. Unintentional communication is a message that is not intended to be sent or was not intended for the individual who received it. Essential components of communication - 8 of the most basic elements when 2 people are communicating:
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1. Source/sender - It is the creator of the message because communication involves more than 1 person.
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