exam 2 - Chapter 4 Language Language is how we communicate...

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Chapter 4 Language - Language is how we communicate, how we make connections. But, there’s more to language than just what the dictionary tells us. - It is a structured system of signs, sounds, gestures, or marks that is used and understood to express ideas and feelings among people within a community. A. Language is powerful - Names brand us with distinctive marks that separate us. Names are important that people legally change if they think, it doesn’t express themselves. - Name calling can also affect individuals. B. Language affects thought - Misused language affects our ability to think. Thought and language are inseparable. - It is important to consider language choices before we speak. - Language is powerful, and what you say can either help or hurt you. - Competent communicators begin with clear thinking, followed by careful language choices that reflect an understanding of what language is, how it is used, and what effect it might have on listeners. C. The elements of language - Language, talk, speech, and communication are 4 different but related phenomena. - Language is a structures system of signs, sounds, gestures, or marks that allow people to express ideas and feeling to others. - Learn more about language by examining 4 elements: 1. Sounds - We do not all learn to produce the sound in the exactly same - - Dialect can complicate communication. 2. Words - It is symbols that can stand for objects and concepts. - Words have meaning because communities and cultures give them meaning. - Idiom : words whose meaning cannot be understood by the ordinary usage. 3. Grammar - It is set of rules. - Ability to use sounds and grammar correctly is crucial to competent communication. 4. Meaning - The study of meaning with ideas, feelings, and contexts, is called semantics. - If language didn’t have meaning, it would serve little or no purpose. - Words are symbols that represent people, objects, concepts, and events. Words have denotative and connotative meanings - Denotation is the common meaning associated with a word. - Denotative meanings are usually understood. - Connotation is the subjective meaning of a word, what a word suggests because of feelings it evokes. The connotative meaning is based on the context in which the word is used, how the meaning is expressed nonverbally, and the understanding of the person who is receiving it. Words can be concrete or abstract - Concrete words are symbols for specific things that can be pointed to or physically experienced.
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- For ex. Dog, car, and book are the concrete words, they represent specific, tangible objects, and therefore their meanings are usually quite clear. - Communication based on concrete words leaves little room for misunderstanding , and any disagreement can typically be resolved by referring to the objects themselves. -
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exam 2 - Chapter 4 Language Language is how we communicate...

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