Selecting an appropriate topic
Selecting topic is the first step in preparing a speech.
Many factors contribute to an effective speech presentation, including research,
organization, wording, and delivery, but none is more important than selecting an
When topic isn’t assigned by the instructor, the trick is to identify a topic that matches
your interests and qualifications, the interests and existing knowledge of your audience,
Techniques for finding a topic: self-inventory; brainstorming; reviewing
current magazines, newspaper, and television news programs; and
conducting internet research.
A. Self-inventory: it is a list of subjects that you know about and find interesting. It
might include books, newspaper, hobbies you enjoy, sports you participate in, or
international issue that concerns you.
Ex: technology/ media
the iPhone, iTouch, BlackBerry, Twitter
the drunk bus, rising tuition, diversity on campus.
Step by step selecting an appropriate topic
Choose a meaningful topic
More meaningful a topic, the more likely you are to put the necessary time and
effort into researching and developing your speech.
Reason for giving speech: complete assignment, gain your listener’s attention
Choose a topic that allows you to convey an important thought to your audience
Relevant to audience’s interests, have some direct effect on them, or be something
that you believe the audience should know.
Choose a familiar and interesting topic
It will make development and delivery of speech easier if you are interested in the
Think like a listener
Evaluate your topic as if you will be the listeners
It is a technique used to generate as many ideas as possible within a limited amount of
time. Set aside of short period of time(4-6 minutes).
To keep things simple, write key
words only. Don’t think either the idea is good or bad, the idea is to generate a lot of
ideas, so every word is appropriate.
After listing, you can select those that appeal to you.
C. Reviewing current media
The media are channels or means of communicating messages to the public, such
as newspaper, books, magazine, television, and movie.
It is an excellent way of developing a list of potential topics.
The media are an excellent source for potential topics, but they are only a starting
point from which to build.
D. Surfing the web