PRISONS AND JAILS
Prisons and Jails
Society views prisons and jails as a method of punishment for individuals whom have
Imprisonment is society’s way of enforcing righteousness on inmates for the
crimes they have committed.
Prisons have been in exists since the early eighteenth century.
Prisons have not always been used to house inmates for long periods of time, only long enough
for prisoners to pay off debts owned, those to soon be exiled, executed, or awaiting trial (Gaines
& Miller, 2006). Walnut Street Prison was the first penitentiary built in 1790, in Philadelphia,
Pennsylvania (Gaines & Miller, 2006).
The purpose of the prison was to divide the inmates from
society and from one another; to provide them the opportunity to think about their offense and
consider changing their ways.
As the years progress, so did the prison system.
In the nineteenth
century inmates were kept in separate cells during the night, but worked together during the day.
Today inmates work together during the day and share a cell at night.
There are three types of
prisons, maximum, medium, and minimum security.
Jails are facilities used to hold individuals
charged with misdemeanors, or awaiting pretrial.
Jails are also used as temporary holding
facilities for juvenile detainees pending transfers to juvenile authorities, detaining those who
cannot post bail, those who violate probation and parole, and to cope with the excess amount of
inmates from over crowed federal and state prisons.
The number of prisoners in prison and jail
has tripled since the late 1980, and continued to increase (Gaines & Miller, 2006).
For years, state-run prison systems have done business with private industries to provide
many needed services.
These services include training, food, mental, health, educational,
maintenance, recreational, psychological testing, security, and a variety of other correctional
So would it not make sense to use a private prison for additional space to house
According to Schmalleger, (2009), a private prison is a correctional institute managed