System's Self-knowledge As a Measure of its Adaptive Ability 1The Level of the System's Self-knowledge As a Measure of its Adaptive Ability in theLight of the Kwiatkowski's System Development Rule Ryszard StockiWyzsza Szkola Biznesu - National-Louis UniversityCollage of Psychologyul. Zielona 27, 33-300 Nowy Sacz, Poland[email protected]phone: +48 604097028
System's Self-knowledge As a Measure of its Adaptive Ability 2AbstractKwiatkowski, a Polish economist, formulated a rule linking economic development of nations with proportion of population knowledgeable in the economic systems of their times. In his “Outline of Economic History” he exemplifies functioning of the rule on the state level all throughout the ages. In the present paper we propose to broaden the rule to other systems, particularly organizations and propose empirical and information tools for testing the rule – quantitative analysis of the cognitive maps. We also present results of preliminary research where relation between development and some formal measures of the cognitive maps supported our assumptions. Key words: knowledge density, system development, system literacy
System's Self-knowledge As a Measure of its Adaptive Ability 3Introduction Kwiatkowski's ruleA Polish economist, politician and historian of economic development Eugeniusz Kwiatkowski (1888-1974) following the thought of A. R. J. Turgot (Brewer, 1987) formulated the following rule: the structure of the economic mechanisms is complex (...). Political and economic development and progress is a quantitative function of understanding of the mechanisms. It is equivalent to the relationship between the number of people who understand the assumptions, goals and methods, often distant in their consequences and the number of people who are driven by ad hoc or thoughtless reflexes in a given society(Kwiatkowski, 1947, p. 95). Kwiatkowski has demonstrated the functioning of the law in the entire economic history starting from Antiquity till present times. The first example, I would like to quote after Kwiatkowski, is the role played by Arabian nations in the early Middle Ages, after the decline of Roman Empire. The techniques of production sciences and arts have flourished in the disciplined state-religious organization. Arabs were famous for wide promotion of education and craftsmanship. Arabic religious fanaticism of that time did not destroy but preserved the previous achievements of the conquered nations. These were the Arabs who were behind the development of the cities of Cordoba, Toledo, Granada, Sevilla and Malaga. Starting from the 11th century the Arab expansion is more and more limited. The military defeat at Poitiers (A.D. 732) was not the sole reason for slow Arabs' withdrawal. By conquering larger and larger territories in Europe, the proportion of the
System's Self-knowledge As a Measure of its Adaptive Ability 4knowledgeable to the ignorant diminished as their knowledge of the desert and the see.