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reported speech cotter - TellMeAllAboutIt QuotedSpeech vs...

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Tell Me All About It Quoted Speech vs Reported Speech Prof. Eileen Cotter Montgomery College
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Quoted Speech My friend said, “ I am very tired .” When you quote a person, you must  use the exact words that came out of  the person’s mouth. You separate the other person’s words  by a comma and put them in quotation  marks.
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Reported Speech My friend said that he was very tired.   When you are reporting what another  person said, you do not use the exact  same words.   I  changes to  he .      You also change the time.  The friend  said this in the past.  You have to use  past tense.
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Time Last night, my son said, “ see a lot of stars tonight.” Last night, my son said that  he saw a lot of stars. Your son spoke in present  tense, but when you are  reporting the information,  that time is in the past.
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Time My neighbor said, “ It  rained last night .” My neighbor said  that it had rained the  previous night.
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Sometimes you do not change  the time! My math textbook states,  “4 minus 3  equals 1.” My math textbook states that 4 minus 3  equals 1. This is a mathematical constant. It does  not go into the past. It is always true.
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There are lots of verbs you  can use.
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