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Lecture 12 - Diabetes Mellitus & Cardiac Medications

Lecture 12 - Diabetes Mellitus & Cardiac Medications -...

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Drugs for Diabetes Mellitus & Cardiac Medications Chapter 5 & Chapter 6
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Diabetes ~18.2 million people in the US (only 1/3 know) 5-10% Type I, 90-95% Type II, Gestational 6 th leading cause of death in the US Unable to regulate blood sugar Failure to produce insulin Cell insulin resistance / failure to produce enough
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Management of Diabetes Controlling glucose levels Education Monitoring (~100mg/dL) DIET Exercise (High & Low glucose levels effects) Athletes may need to “experiment” with timing and dosages of insulin/antidiabetic medications Drug/Insulin Therapy
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Insulin Administration Upper arm, thigh, buttock, abdomen Same site each time Room temperature for use, Refrigerated for storage – avoid extreme temps and motion Most will self administer Clean area, grasp (1” fat fold), insert needle (45 or 90 deg), release skin, inject, and gently remove at same angle Drawing from vial, Insulin Pump, Insulin Pens
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Types of Insulin Rapid-Acting Insulin lispro (Humalog) Insulin aspart (Novolog) Short-acting Regular insulin (Humulin R) Longer onset and duration Intermediate-acting Isophane Insulin (NPH) Insulin Zinc (Lente) Dependant on the individual and absorption
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