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Review guidelines General psychology ch 8

Review guidelines General psychology ch 8 - 17 What is the...

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Review guidelines General psychology – 101:05 – Fall 2010 Chapter 8 1. What is cognition? 2. What is attention, why is attention useful to human cognition? 3. What is the difference between attentive and preattentive processes? 4. Describe the Stroop effect. What is the suggested reason that naming the colors is more effortful than reading? 5. What is change blindness? 6. Why do people shift attention? What is divided attention? 7. What is attentional blink? 8. What are the stages of the problem-solving process (try to see how the stages from the slides fit with the stages in the book) 9. What is the difference between well-structured and ill-structured problems? 10. Why is the Tower of Hanoi a well-structured problem? What is an algorithm? 11. How are insight strategies different from algorithms? 12. Explain what mental sets are. 13. What is functional fixedness? 14. What are heuristics? Are they all bad? 15. Explain the representativeness heuristic and the availability heuristic. 16. Know some of the examples of the general tendency to be overconfident.
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Unformatted text preview: 17. What is the effect of the attractiveness of valuable but unlikely outcomes? 18. Why does the framing effect for questions show a weakness in human cognition? 19. What is expertise? What is expertise the result of? How long does it take to become an expert? 20. What is categorization? Explain how categories/concepts serve cognitive economy. 21. How does a prototype serve as a store for a category? 22. What are the two main views on language acquisition? 23. What are two of the areas in the brain that are very important to language processing, and which parts of language do they process? 24. What are the components of language? 25. What are some of the stages of language development? What is the difference between cooing, babbling and jargoning? 26. At which age do children speak in 2-word sentences? 27. How many words do children have on average in 1 st , 3 rd , and 5 th grade?...
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