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lecture 14 - Women,Culture,andSociety...

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Women, Culture, and Society Professor Yana V. Rodgers Class 14
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Women, Culture, and Society Class 14 Women’s Paid Work in the Global Workforce: Wages and Employment
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Organization 1. Introductory remarks 2. Labor force participation 3. Gender wage gap 4. Occupational segregation 5. Human capital approach 6. Occ seg revisted: a feminist perspective 7. National policies
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Introductory remarks Women’s labor market participation has risen over time in many  countries Women make up close to half the paid labor force in  numerous countries However, still very common to find “women’s jobs” and “men’s  jobs”, with men’s jobs better paid In richer countries, legal institutionalized discrimination (e.g. help  wanted ads specifying gender) a thing of the past, but relatively  more subtle discrimination still persists. Big legal step: 1964 Civil Rights Act Such implicit discrimination has persisted in pay and  employment practices Gendered patterns of employment are neither natural nor  coincidental; reflect deeply entrenched social heirarchies based  on gender, race, ethnicity, and class
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Labor force participation Feminization of labor force=rising proportion of the labor force that is  female.  Observed worldwide, including U.S. U.S.: many more job opportunities opened up to women with WWII,  as Rosie the Riveter phenomenon showed that women were  capable of doing a variety of paid jobs, including heavy factory  work.
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