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Critical Review of “Active and Passive Euthanasia”By Joshwill TampaiProfessor Seyward GoodhandENG 100 University WritingNovember 22, 2017
Rachel’s article, “Active and passive euthanasia”, outlines the distinctions made aboutactive and passive euthanasia. A doctrine that was endorsed by the American Medical Association states that passive euthanasia is more acceptable rather than active euthanasia. The statement declares that “it is permissible … to withhold treatment and allow a patient to die” which is highly accepted by most doctors (p.1). On the other hand, the author argues against this basis and states that active euthanasia is not any worse than passive euthanasia. Furthermore, Rachel divides the argument against the policy into four main points. Firstly, it is argued that in many cases, “active euthanasia is more humane that passive euthanasia” (p.1). Rachels uses an illustration from throat cancer to put it into perspective - where it is morally right to grant a mercy death than to prolong the life and its suffering. Secondly, the author argues that “the conventional doctrine leads to decisions made on irrelevant grounds” (p.2). The third argument made against the doctrine are that the doctrine rests on the distinction between “killing” and “letting” die – Rachels explores this argument by using an example of two uncles that would kill or let their die nephew to gain inheritance. The