Teotihuacan-Students

Teotihuacan-Students - Teotihuacan...

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    Teotihuacan Late Fromative – Early Classic  Basin of Mexico
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Considered one of the most outstanding periods  of change. More complex socio-political society. Population increase Development of large concentrated centers. Increase in ceremonial and public works. General Trends
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Basin of Mexico- Geography and Ecology Location  about 40 km northeast of Mexico City archaeological zone of about 200 hectares  Teotihuacan Valley  Valley of Mexico (8000 sq km)  characterized by lake system  small "sub-valley" defined by low ranges of hills  500 sq km with altitude of over 2200 m  overlooked by Cerro Gordo volcano (strategic location) passage to and from Valley of Mexico  access to obsidian sources  permanent springs  rich, irrigable alluvial plain  other resources  salt from Lake Texcoco  limestone to northwest  clay for pottery 
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Resources
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Palaeoindian
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Early – Middle  Formative
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Late Formative Teotihuacan Cuicuilco-Volcanic  Eruption leads to fall
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History of research at Teotihuacan A.D. 1200-1950  Early history  name of the site means "abode of the gods" in Nahuatl  real name of site and culture is unknown  Aztecs believed site had been built by a race of giants  Bones of mammoths found nearby  Tepexpan man found in 1947  two imperial mammoths found in 1952-54 near Santa Isabel  Iztapán Leopoldo Batres   began work at site in 1905  under pressure to restore Pyramid of the Sun for centenary of  Mexican independence in 1910  restoration has five intermediary platforms 
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History of research con’d Mexican Revolution  1910, Porfirio Díaz lost election to Francisco Madero  refused to leave and became object of popular rebellion  after revolution, archaeology became an integral part of public policy  new nationalism and pride for things Indian  Teotihuacan became a national symbol  Manuel Gamio  major explorations of site in 1917  restored Temple of Quetzalcoatl and Citadel  Sigvald Linnc  Swedish archaeologist  excavated at site from 1932-1935  unearthed first palace residences  found conglomeration of 175 rooms around network of corridors  encompassing 4000 sq yds  interpreted two large houses as shelter for pilgrims f> responsible for  revealing urban nature of site 
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Later Investigations Laurette Sjourn  French-born Mexican archaeologist  excavated at site from 1955-1957  found Palace of Zacuala under bean field  covered 5000 sq yds  lavish murals with iconography ancestral to later works  interpreted site as cradle of Nahuatl civilization 
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This document was uploaded on 11/01/2011 for the course ANTH 331 at South Carolina.

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Teotihuacan-Students - Teotihuacan...

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