Kirchhoff[1] - games played with latex (rubber) balls...

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Definition of Mesoamerica Paul Kirchhoff coined the term "Mesoamerica" in 1943 His intention was to define a culture area that was distinct from the Southwestern U.S. and northern Mexico to the north and the Chibcha Area to the south. Concept based on geographic limits ethnic composition cultural characterictics at the time of the Conquest
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Subsistence maize corn softened with ash large cooking plates ( comales ) three-stone hearths beans squash cacao (chocolate) also used as money tobacco (for smoking and healing) barkless dogs ("Mexican hairless")
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Agriculture intensive agriculture terracing of slopes chinampa s ("floating gardens")
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Architecture stepped pyramids arrangement of buildings around a plaza construction with stone, mortar, and plaster stucco floors dedicatory caches in pits or cists roads paved with stone stone and clay construction hanging bridges
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Religion I-shaped ball courts
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Unformatted text preview: games played with latex (rubber) balls bar-and-dot for numerals complex pantheon of gods 260- and 365-day calendars bark-cloth or deerskin books accordion-style (like Chinese screens) autosacrifice (bloodletting) drawing blood from ears, tongue, or penis live heart removal ritual cannibalism Dress earspools lip plugs turbans sandals cotton armor Technology pyrite or magnetite mirrors copper working obsidian ceramics clubs with embedded stone chips spinning and weaving cotton cloth rabbit-hair textiles Trade exchanges of valuables among elites established political ties specialized markets distributed basic commodities from producing to nonproducing sectors of society "ports-of-trade" Social organization matrilineal clans (sometimes. ..)...
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This document was uploaded on 11/01/2011 for the course ANTH 331 at South Carolina.

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Kirchhoff[1] - games played with latex (rubber) balls...

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