Exam 2 Review Doc - Energy and Metabolism: Define...

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Energy and Metabolism: Define Anabolism : Catabolism : 2. Digested carbohydrates are converted to glucose. List the four possible fates of glucose once it is taken to the liver. 3. Fill in the blanks for the steps to convert glucose to ATP: The first step is _____________ which produces 2 _______, 2 _______, and 2 _________ Pyruvate can be used for aerobic or ___________ metabolism In anaerobic metabolism, pyruvate is converted to ___________ In aerobic metabolism, pyruvate is converted to ____________ The second step is the ____________ which takes place in the _______________ Acetyl CoA goes into the TCA cycle which produces _______________ , _______, _______ and __________ The third step is the ____________ NADH, _________ and Oxygen go into the chain ______ , FAD, water and lots of _______ are generated 4. Fill in the blanks to summarize the conversion of fats to ATP: The first step is _______ which breaks down triglycerides to form glycerol and ____________. Glyercol is converted to _________ in the liver. ___________ becomes acetyl CoA that goes into the TCA cycle to form ______ Fatty acids go through the ________________ pathway, making _____________ that goes into the TCA cycle to form ATP. 5. Fill in the blanks for Protein Metabolism: When protein is digested it is broken down into ___________ and these are used for the synthesis of proteins like ____________ for example. When we don’t eat enough __________ or eat excess protein these are used for ____________. Once proteins are converted to amino acids, these are __________________
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Exam 2 Review Doc - Energy and Metabolism: Define...

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