Surname 1Student’s NameProfessor’s NameCourseDateEssay OneIn the study and philosophy of memory, the Sven Bernecker’s causal theory affirms that the connection between the past and a present depiction must fundamentally be guaranteed by a trace of a memory that persists or several memory traces from the preceding representation which, therefore forms the present one. The theory also explains that memory traces are subjective beliefs that are natural, and they can be implanted or removed from the brain. Additionally, the approach explains that memory traces are not structural analogs from historical events and experiences. Thus, they require the causal power to persist and continue to evoke authentic memories over time. The rationale of the theory is to expound and help in understanding the interconnectedness of memory traces, past experiences, and present representation. The farmyard painting example provided by Martin and Deutscher depicts a detailed scene of the painter's beliefs is imaginary. However, the painting is proven to have been captured a childhood visit existing farmyard, which the painter had no could not remember visiting before the creation of the painting. Although the overview of the painter's past life experiences ascertains that he had seen the farm as a child, it is clear that the brain just reproduced the memory (Carter 148). As a result, Martin and Deutscher conclude that the painting was a memory without a belief that supports the causative experiential memory theory, suggesting that a person may give rise to an idea that is essentially a memory. Still, he is not aware that it is a memory. On the other hand, recall refers to the retrieval of memories from the past and decoding them to a specific level of accuracy. Recall complicates memories of the
Surname 2causal theory through the representation of memories with gaps filled with inaccurate information that a person believes to be factual. The causal experiential memory theory defines memories as persistent traces of past experiences and events, which can also be embedded or detached from the brain. However, recall can give rise to nonexistent thoughts and treat them as actual memories.Retrieval cues refer to the conscious or subconscious factors that help activate associations that facilitate the retrieval of memories. Conscious memory cues are more consistentand genuine since they are enabled when the subject is fully aware. The types of conscious cues include context-dependent, state-dependent, and serial position effect memory (Perri 839). The first cue is context-dependent memories that rely on the environment within which a person learned or experienced the subject in question. It states that the person will remember events or objects with a higher level of detail. Secondly, it is a state-dependent memory that relies on moodor behavior state where a person can recognize accurately while in the same state of mind.