psychology - I. THINKING AND LANGUAGE A. Thinking 1....

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I. THINKING AND LANGUAGE A. Thinking 1. Thinking, or cognition, refers to all the mental activities associated with processing,understanding, remembering, and communicating. 2. Cognitive psychologists study these mental activities, including the logical and sometimes illogical ways in which we create concepts, solve problems,make decisions,and form judgments. B. Thinking: Concepts 1. To think about the countless events, objects, and people in our world, we simplify things and form concepts- mental groupings of similar objects, events and people. 2. To simplify things further, we organize concepts into category hierarchies and form some concepts by definition. However, we more often form our concepts by developing prototypes-m a mental image or best example that incorporates all the features we associate with category (Rosch, 1978). C. Thinking: Solving Problems 1. Some problems we solve through trial and error. For other problems, we may follow an algorithm, a methodical, logical rule or step-by-step procedure that guarantees a
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psychology - I. THINKING AND LANGUAGE A. Thinking 1....

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