bioo - Sohrabji S"Don't Toss E-Waste onto Curb...

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Sohrabji, S. . "Don't Toss E-Waste onto Curb: Environmentalists. " India - West 9 Apr. 2010,Ethnic NewsWatch (ENW), ProQuest. Web. 21 Feb. 2011. Copyright India West Apr 9, 2010 [Headnote] END OF LIFE Editor's note: India-West staff reporter Stmita Sohrabji received a World Affairs Journalism fellowship from the Washington, D.C.-based International Center for Journalists to report on electronic waste dismantling in India. Her first story (I-W, Mar. 19) examined working conditions for e-waste recyclers in four Indian slums. Her second story focused on proposed Indian legislation to regulate the industry, along with private sector and NGO approaches to managing e-waste (I-W, Apr. 2). This third and final story looks at how consumers can keep their e-waste out of the developing world This project was funded by the Ethics and Excellence in Journalism Foundation. More than 80 percent of used electronics collected in U.S. recycling drives ends up in the developing world, where it is disposed of by the poor who unknowingly expose themselves to toxins, charge environmentalists. Collectors cart away old electronics from residential curbs, and then sell to middlemen who ship the material overseas-mainly to India, China and Nigeria-where it is mined for precious metals in crude, health-hazardous operations (I-W, Mar. 19). "If they're taking the material away for free, it's likely getting dumped overseas," said Sheila Davis, executive director of the Silicon Valley Toxics Coalition. California in 2004 began charging consumers an electronics recycling fee to encourage proper disposal, and reimburses approved recyclers to collect e-waste. But dealers will nevertheless often sell overseas to brokers who offer a higher rate, Davis told India- West. "States don't have a lot of jurisdiction over international trade shipments. There's a tremendous loophole because the U.S. hasn't signed the Basel treaty," stated Davis. The 1989 Basel Convention, an international treaty which prohibits the transfer of hazardous waste from rich nations to poor countries, has not been ratified by the U.S. All large computer manufacturing companies - including Dell, Hewlett Packard, Apple, IBM - have take-back schemes in place, but there's not a lot of transparency in what happens to electronics once they're returned, asserted Davis, noting that all use contractors to recycle their products, leading to vague accountability. The U.S. currently has no ewaste export laws, which gives the Environmental Protection
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This document was uploaded on 11/02/2011 for the course BIOLOGY Bi 105 at Montgomery.

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bioo - Sohrabji S"Don't Toss E-Waste onto Curb...

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