drilling oil - The whole goal is to keep oil off the...

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Unformatted text preview: The whole goal is to keep oil off the beaches, because thats what drives the economy. Many oil industry officials worry that the new environmental, safety, technical and financial requirements will drive some companies out of business, discourage future exploration and worsen the nations dependence on imported oil. The highly competitive oil industry has always operated under tremendous cost and time pressures; the new rules will most likely slow the development of new wells while raising costs. Air Quality Impacts on air quality during exploration activities would include emissions and dust from earth-moving equipment, vehicles, seismic surveys, well completion and testing, and drill rig exhaust. Pollutants would include particulates , oxides of nitrogen, carbon monoxide , sulfur dioxide , and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) . Nitrogen oxides and VOCs may combine to form ground-level ozone. Impacts would depend upon the amount, duration, location, and characteristics of the emissions and the meteorological conditions (e.g., wind speed and direction, precipitation, and relative humidity). Ecological Resources Impacts to ecological resources (vegetation, wildlife, aquatic biota , special status species , and their habitats) would be minimal and localized during exploration because of the limited nature of the activities. The introduction or spread of some nonnative invasive vegetation could occur as a result of vehicular traffic, but this would be relatively limited in extent. Seismic surveys could disturb wildlife. Exploratory well establishment would destroy vegetation and impact wildlife. Paleontological Resources Paleontological resources are nonrenewable resources. Disturbance to such resources, whether it is through mechanical surface disturbance, erosion, or paleontological excavation, irrevocably alters or destroys them. Direct impacts to paleontological resources would include surface disturbance during seismic surveys and the drilling of exploratory wells and the construction of access roads and other ancillary facilities . The amount of subsurface disturbance is minimal during the exploration phase and paleontological resources buried below the surface are unlikely to be affected. Fossil material present on the surface could be disturbed by vehicular traffic, ground clearing, and pedestrian activities (including collection of fossils)....
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This document was uploaded on 11/02/2011 for the course BIOLOGY Bi 105 at Montgomery.

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drilling oil - The whole goal is to keep oil off the...

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