StudyGuide_Unit1[1]

StudyGuide_Unit1[1] - Study Guide for Unit #1 Chapters 1 5...

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Study Guide for Unit #1 Chapters 1 5 & 17 Population Trends: 1.) How old is our planet? How long have humans (homo sapiens) existed on earth? 2.) What is the approximate size of the current human population on earth? 3.) U.N. demographers have noted a decrease in global fertility rates. What are some limiting factors that control the human population today? What are some of the natural limiting factors that have historically controlled the human population? 4.) Give some examples of countries that are experiencing zero/negative population growth and some countries that are experiencing positive population growth. 5.) Give several examples of highly developed, moderately developed, and less developed nations. 6.) What percentage of the world’s population make up the highly developed nations ? What percentage of resources are consumed by the highly developed nations? 7.) what is meant by “ecological footprint”? What is the average amount of productive land and water required to support a single human being living today? Explain why human consumption is putting the planet in ecological deficit? Sustainability: 8.) Distinguish between people overpopulation and consumption overpopulation. 9.) Give examples of renewable resources and nonrenewable resources. 10.) The IPAT model to solve the following problems. - Based on the latest automotive reports, the average automobile on the road today will emit 1 pound of CO 2 per mile driven. The state of Maryland has 1 million registered drivers who drive an average of 1,000 miles per year and own an average of 1 car per driver. Calculate the environmental impact of CO 2 emissions from the state of Maryland? - New York City has 10 million trash producers, each producing approximately 10 pounds of trash per week. Almost all of this trash is trucked to 10 different landfills in Pennsylvania. The Pennsylvania landfills receive approximately 10 million pounds of trash per week. One gallon of leachate is produced per 100 pounds of trash. Pennsylvania landfills capture 90% of this leachate - the remaining 10 percent is released into the environment. Calculate the environmental impact of lechate released from landfills. 11.) Who is Garrett Hardin? Give several modern day examples of his “tragedy of the commons.” 12.) Which of the following are examples of deductive reasoning and inductive reasoning? - Birds have wings. Robins are birds so that much have wings. - Gold, iron, and magnesium are all metals and they are all heavier than water. Metals are heavier than water. -
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StudyGuide_Unit1[1] - Study Guide for Unit #1 Chapters 1 5...

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