Motionvational Managment

Motionvational Managment - [] Different Motivation Theory...

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[] Different Motivation Theory Enhance Human Resource Management Introduction Psychology plays an important role in entire business management system, such as Management by Objectives, human resource management, organizational behavior, advertising, and commercializing. Learning Psychology not only helps managers better understand themselves also others, better control their behaviors and emotions, realize their identities, as well as business environments with rich experiences and fulfilled dreams. Maslow described such a pursuit of happiness and requiring of understanding self acknowledgement as Self- Actualization and Self-transcendence. In work place the job of a manager isn’t an easy task. It is to get things done through employees by motivating them. Motivation is a very important and essential aspect that initiates things from every trifling behavior we do to all the miraculous achievements in the world. People are motivated to satisfy basic biological needs such as eating, sleeping, and sheltering and so on. They are also motivated for achievement, power, happiness, and success. Motivation is defined as “an internal state, condition (sometimes described as a need, desire, or want) arousal and persistence of behavior, that serves to activate or energize behavior and give it direction.” It is also seen as “the expenditure of effort to accomplish results.” Emotions, behavior, cognition, and so on are all related to motivation. Different motivation theories tend to bisect motivation differently, therefore emphasizing on various perspectives of leading. By comparing several major motivation theories of Acquired Needs Theory, Intrinsic/Extrinsic Theory, Goal-Setting Theory and Expectancy Theory, it is possible draw the conclusion that all theories have one goal in common—what causes motivation of ASA Management Page 1
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[] employees and employers. After understanding each theory, managers can better fulfill themselves and leading other people. 1. Acquired Needs Theory Acquired Needs Theory is also called the Three-Need Theory or Learned Need Theory. The three dominant needs refer to Achievement (n-Ach), Affiliation (n-Affil), and Power (n- Pow). The American behavioral psychologist David McClelland stated that motivation of an individual can be caused by anyone of the three human nature dominant needs. The Need for Achievement is when a person is motivated to perform high level tasks and self-challenge. Some characteristics of n-Ach people are: 1) They long for success and need to receive positive feedback often. 2) They avoid both low risks and high risks which result too little chance of gain and too little chance of winning. 3) They like to work as individuals or with other high achievers. 4)
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This note was uploaded on 11/01/2011 for the course ACC 200 taught by Professor Minliu during the Spring '11 term at Universidad Europea de Madrid.

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Motionvational Managment - [] Different Motivation Theory...

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