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120B_Lecture_3 - Lecture 3 Constituency Introduction Ling...

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Lecture 3 : Constituency Introduction Ling 120 B—Moulton 29 September 2011 1 Review from Last Time ( 1 ) What to do with the category of prefixes? ( 2 ) a. untie b. unhappy ( 3 ) a. dishonest b. disadvantage c. disagree ( 4 ) a. counter-sink b. counter-revolution 2 What about this T and Number thing in ISAT (Ch 2 )? ( 5 ) a. dogs b. cats c. dishes ( 6 ) a. walked b. laughed c. held If we generalize? 1
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Keir Moulton 120 B Lecture 3 : Constituency 2 . 1 What else is T: complementary distribution ( 7 ) a. John laughed. b. John will laugh. c. John can laugh. d. Jerry traverses. e. Sally traversed. f. Sam has left. g. Sarah had left. h. Martha should leave. G ¯ eorge might have left. i. Laura desires [Sal to leave]. j. Larry remembers [Jim leaving]. ( 8 ) a. *John can laughed. b. *John has traverses. c. *John might walks. d. *Laura desires Sal to leaves. e. *Larry remembers Jim to leaving. f. *Larry wants Jim can to leave. What does ( 8 ) tell us? Look at ( 9 ): ( 9 ) a. *The every book. b. *A one doctor. c. *The this nose hair. ( 10 ) in thing: { the, every, one, this, a } What about: ( 11 ) a. John has traversed. b. John traversed. c. John has eaten. d. John ate. e. *John has ate. ( 12 ) Every root sentence must have: (you fill in) What’s funny though? (think about where T is?) 2
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Keir Moulton 120 B Lecture 3 : Constituency 3 What units are sentences made up of? Today: introduction/souped-up review of constituency In preparation for reading Chapter 3 and 4 . Sentence I ate five pizzas today Words, like beads on a string? That all? It’s not all we hear, though: ( 13 ) Sound units a. I can eat five pizzas | today b. *I can eat five | pizzas today Or detect meaning-wise: ( 14 ) Meaning Units a. pizza today b. every pizza ( 15 ) Meaning and sound a. I ate the pizza in the box b. I ate the pizza | in the box.
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