120B_Lecture_5

120B_Lecture_5 - 120 B Lecture 5 : Adding to Phrase...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: 120 B Lecture 5 : Adding to Phrase Structure Rules Ling 120 BMoulton 11 October 2011 1 Our rules (in progress) ( 1 ) DP DP s Det NP ( 2 ) a. NP AP NP b. NP NP PP c. NP N ( 3 ) PP P DP ( 4 ) a. AP AdvP Deg AP b. AP A PP ( 5 ) a. AdvP (Deg) AdvP b. AdvP Adv ( 6 ) a. VP VP PP b. VP VP DP c. VP VP AdvP d. VP AdvP VP e. VP V (DP) ( DP ) ( PP ) f. VP V VP ( 7 ) Conjunction where = any X or XP. 1 Keir Moulton 120 B Lecture 5 : Adding to Phrase Structure Rules 2 Complements vs. Adjuncts We saw that some things sat in the smallest VP, and some did not. ( 8 ) a. John put the sriracha on the tacos at home. b. What Bill did at home was put the sriracha on the tacos . ( 9 ) a. John put the sriracha on the tacos. b. *What Bill did on the tacos was put the sriracha . Names for these two types of positions in a tree-let: complement; adjunct ( 10 ) a. A complement of a phrase XP is a sister of X b. An adjunct of a phrase XP is sister and daughter of XP These phrase structure properties correlate with a whole bunch of other properties. ( 11 ) a. *I put the sriracha. b. I put the sriracha on the tacos. ( 12 ) a. I put the sriracha on the tacos. b. I put the sriracha on the tacos at home. Property 1 : Complements are: Adjuncts are: ( 13 ) a. I put it on the tacos at home in the evening for Edna with a fork... b. *I put it on the tacos on the pizza. (not with the meaning of putting sriracha on both tacos and pizza) Property 2 : Complements are: Adjuncts are: ( 14 ) a. I put it on the tacos. b. *I put on the tacos it. ( 15 ) a. I put it on the tacos at home in the evening. b. I put it on the tacos in the evening at home. ( 16 ) a. I put the sriracha on the tacos in the evening....
View Full Document

Page1 / 8

120B_Lecture_5 - 120 B Lecture 5 : Adding to Phrase...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online